Can a diabetic patient eat dragon fruit? (Dragon fruit and Diabetes)

Dragon fruit gets its name from its shape. It has a white pulp with small black seeds and is very much like kiwi in consistency and sometimes even in taste. Dragon fruit and diabetes, what do you think?

“If you were to be a fruit, be the dragon fruit”

Table showing nutritional facts of 100g of dragon fruit

Glycemic indexNot known
Saturated fats0g
Carbohydrates13g (7.6g sugar & 3g fibers)4% (15% & 12%)

Glycemic index and Glycemic load (Dragon fruit and Diabetes)

Since, the glycemic index of dragon fruit is not known, we cannot calculate the glycemic load. However, we can have a superficial idea of its effect on blood sugar levels by looking at its carb content. It is not very high in carbohydrates but sugar content is at 15% of what is recommended for diabetics. However, since fruits contain mainly fructose, it can be beneficial as compared to sucrose. 

It has good dietary fiber content at 12%. It is said that it can increase blood sugar more than an apple does, therefore it may have more glycemic load than an apple.

Since this article focuses upon dragon fruit and diabetes, it is important to undertake the analysis of glycemic effects of it. Thus, having GI value of dragon fruit is quite important. If you find a resource for GI value of dragon fruit, please email us the link to 



Potassium 9% of RDA | Potassium itself has no role to play directly on diabetes parameters. However, diabetics who have kidney disease need to regulate potassium intake to avoid too much or too less of potassium in the body.

Vitamin C 7% of RDA | An experimental study suggests that vitamin C supplementation of 1000mg per day for 6 weeks can cause reduction in blood sugar and lipid levels along with insulin. However, the supplemental dose is almost 17 times the RDA, but increasing the dietary vitamin C intake can help reduce the supplemental dose.Also, as you can see, vitamin C will also help to prevent dyslipidemia which is commonly seen among diabetics.

Iron 7% of RDA | Iron has a pathogenic role to play in the development of diabetes mellitus and its complications mainly retinopathy (eye complication) and nephropathy (kidney complication).

Other: Calcium & Vitamin A

What is your opinion about dragon fruit and diabetes? Comment below!


Hey there, I'm a final year undergrad medical student at Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Medical College (SSRMC), Mauritius.

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