Can diabetics eat pineapple? Pineapple and Diabetes

Pineapple, the fruit with a crown, is delicious in its own way. However, can diabetics eat pineapple? Are pineapple and diabetes good for each other?

“Be a pineapple: Stand tall, wear a crown and be sweet on inside.”

Table showing nutritional facts of 100g of ripe pineapple
Calories 50
GI 59
Saturated fats 0g
Carbs 13g (10g sugars & 1.4g dietary fibers) 4% (40% & 10%)
Proteins 0.5g 1%

 

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

The glycemic index of fresh pineapple is valued at 59. This is just above the upper limit of the permitted range of GI (0 – 55). Thus, it cannot be classified as a regular consumption fruit but yes occasionally you can have it such as once a week if you are not consuming any other high GI food. Also, to reduce its ill effects on blood sugar levels, it is better to club it with other low GI and high fiber foods. To be clear, the GI value of 59 is for fresh pineapple and the same for the canned pineapple is around 75. Thus, canned pineapple is just banned because it is above and beyond the value of 69 (which is the upper limit of medium GI foods).

The glycemic load of 100g of pineapple is 7.7 which is under the acceptable range. So to conclude, the suggested portion size for pineapple is 100g which is to be consumed not more than once per week.

Also read: Is watermelon good for diabetics?

Micronutrients

Vitamin C 79% of RDA | An experimental study suggests that vitamin C supplementation of 1000mg per day for 6 weeks can cause reduction in blood sugar and lipid levels along with insulin. However, the supplemental dose is almost 17 times the RDA, but increasing the dietary vitamin C intake can help reduce the supplemental dose. Also, as you can see, vitamin C will also help to prevent dyslipidemia which is commonly seen among diabetics.

Vitamin B-6 5% of RDA | Deficiency of vitamin B6 leads to reduction in circulating levels of insulin mainly caused by deficiency induced degenerative changes in the beta cells of pancreas which are the insulin secreting cells of the pancreas.

Magnesium 3% of RDA | Please read this article to know the benefits of Magnesium for diabetes affected individuals.

Pineapple also contains minimal amount of vitamin A, calcium and iron.

Can diabetics eat pineapple? (Pineapple and Diabetes)

The main edible part of pineapple may not have specific benefits to people with diabetes. But, the pineapple fruit residue is said to have anti-glycation and anti-oxidative properties. The pineapple fruit residue for diabetics or any other person includes the crown (leaves), the pulp (center or the core) and the peel.

Although these are the inedible parts which humans cannot eat, these residual parts of pineapple fruit is still under consideration for using its derivatives in medicines. Other means of using its derivatives are also under consideration.

One of the studies also suggested the protective role of pineapple leaves against the bad fats in the blood. They have similar mechanism in lowering blood lipids as statins.

Of course, all these conclusions are based on the studies conducted on mice models. Effects on humans are yet to be analyzed.

Warning:

  • Almost every individual, diabetic or non-diabetic, has its own bodily mechanism and metabolism. It is always cautioned that food recommendations should be correlated with personal health history and the advice of the doctor.
  • These calculations are based on the daily calorie intake of 2000. Therefore, if your calorie intake exceeds 2000 a day, you can increase the ideal serving size and vice versa. However, the recommended blood glucose level still remains the same.

Also, it is a good practice to have a rough calculation of the nutritional facts of the food items before eating them. This applies to the people belonging to all the spectra of health and fitness and not just diabetics.

Do you want me to analyse any other food item? Comment your request below.

References:

Bavelloni A, Piazzi M, Raffini M, Faenza I, Blalock WL. Prohibitin 2: At a communications crossroads. IUBMB Life. 2015;67(4):239-54.

Riya, M. P., Antu, K. A., Vinu, T., Chandrakanth, K. C., Anilkumar, K. S., & Raghu, K. G. (2013). An in vitrostudy reveals nutraceutical properties ofAnanas comosus(L.) Merr. var.Mauritiusfruit residue beneficial to diabetes [Abstract]. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94(5), 943-950. doi:10.1002/jsfa.6340

Xie, W., Xing, D., Sun, H., Wang, W., Ding, Y., & Du, L. (2005). The Effects of Ananas comosus L. Leaves on Diabetic-Dyslipidemic Rats Induced by Alloxan and a High-Fat/High-Cholesterol Diet [Abstract]. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine,33(01), 95-105. doi:10.1142/s0192415x05002692

Xie W., Wang W., Su H., Xing D., Cai G., Du L. Hypolipidemic mechanisms of Ananas comosus L. leaves in mice: different from fibrates but similar to statins. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. 2007;103(3):267–274. doi: 10.1254/jphs.FP0061244.

Hey there, I'm a final year undergrad medical student at Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Medical College (SSRMC), Mauritius.

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